Have you wondered what the effect of
the Fast ForWord programis on older students, or how it develops other skills besides reading? Many studies conducted on Fast ForWord primarily concentrate on reading results among K-12 students, but the program helps with other skills and with other students as well.
In a peer-reviewed study entitled, “
Neuroplasticity-Based Cognitive and Linguistic Skills Training Improves Reading and Writing Skills in College Students,” published in
Frontiers in Psychology, Beth Rogowsky, et al, documented the effects that the use of Fast ForWord had on college students’ reading and writing skills.
Quasi-Experimental Design:The study included Experimental and Control groups, but the assignment of students to each group was non-randomized in order to study the effect of Fast ForWord on students struggling with writing.
Experimental Group:25 college students who demonstrated poor writing skills and who received Fast ForWord training.
Comparison Group:28 students who did not receive Fast ForWord training and were selected from the general college population at the same university as the experimental group.
Fast ForWord Training:Daily training for 11 weeks with Fast ForWord Literacy and upper levels of the Fast ForWord READING Series (Levels 3–5).
Assessments:At the beginning and end of the spring college semester, both the training and comparison groups took:
- Gates MacGinitie Reading Test (GMRT)
- Oral and Written Language Scales (OWLS) Written Expression Scale.
Results from this study showed that the training group made a statistically greater improvement in both their reading and writing skills than the comparison group. In addition, the group who received training began with statistically lower writing skills before training but ended up exceeding the writing skills of the comparison group after training.
Gates MacGinitie Reading Test:
After training, the Fast ForWord group increased their reading score by 4 points, while the comparison group’s reading score decreased by 1 point.
Oral and Written Language Scales Written Expression Scale:
After training, the Fast ForWord group increased their writing score by 24.8 points, while the comparison group’s writing score decreased by 2.5 points.
To give you an idea of the type of change that took place in students’ writing, here’s an example of a piece of writing by one student before and after Fast ForWord training. The student was asked to examine a table that listed the percentages of books read by 5
thgrade male and female students and write a paragraph that described the information.
Before:“As children advance in grades we see a clear increase in the number of books they have to study or carry. We also can notice that more boys in both 5
thgrades tend to carry more books.”
After:“The table shows that in the 5
thgrades, girls are more likely to read 2 or more books than boys are. In the 5
thgrade; 70% of boys read 1 book or less and only 30% of boys read 2 or more books. In the 9
thgrade more boys, 50%, start to read 2 or more books. Overall in both 5
thgrades girls beat boys when it comes to reading books.”
Meeting the Need for Writing Proficiency
Writing is both
whatyou write and
howyou write it. Besides getting the facts correct in the post-Fast ForWord example, the student writes with more “texture,” adding much more detail and using more variety in sentence constructions and grammatical conventions, and even adding a nice colloquial touch at the end that adds a bit of spice to the paragraph.
With only 27% of 12
thgrade students achieving a writing score of “Proficient” in the National Assessment of Educational Progress (2011), and only 45% of students meeting SAT writing benchmark proficiency, American students show a clear need for something that will help them improve their writing skills.
Most writing programs train or concentrate specifically on writing skills; the proposition borne out by Rogowsky’s study is that writing can be improved by training the complexities of the language and cognitive skills upon which writing depends. One could say that high school and college students not only need to “read to learn” but also “read to write.” When they read and process information accurately, they get the facts right, which is always a boon in conducting research. And reading increasingly complex materials – such as students encounter as they move through the higher levels of Fast ForWord – models correct and highly textured writing for students.
As brain plasticity research has taught us, people are never too old to learn. This study shows how strengthening foundational cognitive skills in the context of listening and higher level reading tasks can help older students who are in college and how this kind of training can significantly improve not just students’ reading but also their writing skills.
Reference:Rogowsky BA, Papamichalis P, Villa L, Heim S and Tallal P (2013)
Neuroplasticity-based cognitive and linguistic skills training improves reading and writing skills in college students. Frontiers in Psychology, 4(137)1 – 11.
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